Iris unguicularis (Iridaceae family) (formaly known as I. stylosa) is often known as Algerian iris (ίριδα) but it is native not only to Algeria but it can be found in northern Africa and eastern Mediterranean as well. The name unguicularis comes from Latin unguis that means claw and refers to the claw-like formation of the style and the branches. It can bloom as early as Christmas and can have consecutive flowering that lasts until Easter. The erratic flowering is a clever way to avoid weather damage as the flowers, in contrary to the buds, are not frost proof. The flowers are purple with yellow and white markings and a very nice aroma.
The flower can practically thrive in every kind of soil and it does not mind beeing neglected, so it can be a perfect choice for "lazy" gardeners.